The Anti-Pipeline Movement’s Children’s Crusade

On day three of the evidentiary hearings to determine whether Enbridge Energy can construct a new oil pipeline in Minnesota to replace its aging Line 3 pipeline, Enbridge’s senior manager of land services was cross-examined by a 16-year-old high school student who has “been a competitive swimmer for eight years … loves music and plays the guitar and violin.”

The rookie barrister is one of 13 people under the age of 25—collectively known as the Climate Youth Intervenors—who have been granted status as legal intervenors in the Enbridge case. This means these young activists can submit testimony, call expert witnesses to the stand, cross-examine other parties’ witnesses, and request information of other parties through discovery.

But what is being sold as a story about a bunch of idealistic whiz kids joining forces to protect Minnesota from the nefarious pipeline company is really just the latest scheme launched by and other keep-it-in-the-ground activist groups to shut down much-needed pipeline construction across North America.

The Climate Youth Intervenors is a project of the Power Shift Network, an anti-pipeline activist group whose mission is “to mobilize the collective power of young people to mitigate climate change and create a just, clean energy future and resilient, thriving communities for all.” Power Shift’s board of directors includes executives from, the Natural Resources Defense Council, World Wildlife Fund, and the AFL-CIO. And its “network members” include Oil Change International, Rainforest Action Network, and Sierra Student Coalition, Sierra Club’s student organization.

In fact, the “young adult” who is the founding member of the Climate Youth Intervenors is actually a Power Shift Network employee who sits on the board of, the Minnesota chapter of the international activist organization.

Despite this direct link to some of the largest anti-pipeline activist groups on the planet, the young intervenors are still being lauded as a plucky band of whiz kids determined to take on corporate Goliaths on their own.

“About half the youth intervenors’ group hasn’t even graduated from high school, and they have no attorney to represent them,” reported Midwest Energy News, which covers “the important changes taking place as the Midwest shifts from fossil fuels to a clean energy system.”

“Members of the group,” they wrote, “have reached out to several experts, among them Oil Change International [and] NRDC.” Considering that executives from both of those activist groups sit on the Power Shift Network board of directors, it’s safe to assume they didn’t have to reach far.

This isn’t the first time environmental activist groups have used children and young adults to advance their agenda. Several years ago, the Sierra Club produced a “tip sheet” for activists planning to speak at a public hearing on the EPA’s plan to regulate carbon dioxide which said that “holding your baby at the podium” would make a “great visual.”

The anti-fracking group Food and Water Watch turned things up a few notches when they produced a training video called, “Lobbying for Kids,” which it described as a “practical training for Kids Against Fracking on how to lobby elected officials to stop oil and gas fracking.” (You can read more about this and other cases of kid lobbying in this great expose by Energy in Depth.)

This is, however, the first time that activists have used children as part of their litigious campaign against pipelines. And it signifies a troubling trend of anti-pipeline activists using children to advance their keep-it-in-the-ground agenda.